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Tuberculosis Key facts

  • TB is one of the leading causes of mortality in India- killing -2 persons every three minute, nearly 1,000 every day
  • The strategy of Directly Observed Treatment, Short-course (DOTS) is based largely on research done in India in the field of TB over the past 35 years.
  • Since 1997, after successful piloting DOTS has been implemented in India as the Revised National Tuberculosis Control Programme (RNTCP). In the RNTCP, the proportion of TB cases which are confirmed in the laboratory and the cure rate are both more than double that of the previous programme,
  • The operational feasibility of DOTS in the Indian context has been demonstrated, with 8 out of 10 patients treated in the programme being cured, as compared with approximately 3 out of 10 in the previous programme.
  • Multidrug -resistant tuberculosis (MDRTB) is a result and symptom of poor management of TB patients.DOTS has been shown to prevent the emergence of MDRTB and to reverse the trend of MDRTB in communities in which it has emerged.
  • TB is the most common opportunistic infection among people living with HIV.
  • Revised National Tuberculosis Control Programme (RNTCP) has covered the entire population of the country by March 2006. 
  • Every patient who is cured stops spreading TB, and every life saved is a child, mother, or father who will go on to live a longer, TB-free life.


Click on the PowerPoint show for important information on diagnosis, treatment and
control of tuberculosis

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- PowerPoint show (30 Slides)